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Books (available on Amazon)

Shipley, B. 2000.  Cause and correlation in biology: A user's guide to path analysis, structural equations and causal inference.  Cambridge University Press.

Shipley, B. 2016. Cause and correlation in biology: A user's guide to path analysis, structural equations and causal inference with R.  Cambridge University Press.

Shipley, B. 2021.  Ordination methods for biologists: a non-mathematical introduction using R.  BS Publishing.

Peer-reviewed papers (related to SEM in red)

  1. Douma, J. C., (2022). Testing model fit in path models with dependent errors given non-normality, non-linearity and hierarchical data. (accepted).

  2. Li, L., Jiang, Y., Zhao, K., Chen, Y., Wei Wei, W., Shipley, B., Chu, C. (2022).  Exploring trait–performance relationships of tree seedlings along experimentally manipulated light and water gradients. Ecology 103(7),e3703

  3. Zhang, L., Xiang, L., Zhou, S., (2022). Explaining variation in productivity requires intraspecific variability in plant height among communities.  Journal of Plant Ecology 15:310-319.

  4. Cardou, F., Munson, A., Boisvert-Marsh, L., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Hamel, B., Hébert, F., Johnstone, J., Kumordzi, B., Macdonald, S.;,Mallik, A., McIntosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., ., Sirois, L., Thiffault, N., Aubin, I. (2022). Above- and belowground drivers of intraspecific trait variability across subcontinental gradients for five ubiquitous forest plants in North America. J. Ecology 110:1590-1605.

  5. Lamontagne, X.*, (2021). A measure of generalized fertility that is largely independent of species identity. :29-36.

  6. Daou*, L., Garnier, E., (2021). Quantifying the relationship linking the community weighted means of plant traits and soil fertility. Ecology 102:e03454

  7. Dos Santos*, D., Joner, F., Shipley, B., Teleginski, M., Rodrigues Lucas, R., Siddique, I. (2021) Crop functional diversity drives multiple ecosystem functions during early agroforestry succession. :1718-1727

  8. Zhang*, L., Ni, M., Zhu, T., Xu, X., Zhou, S., Shipley, B. (2021). Nitrogen addition in a Tibetan alpine meadow increases intraspecific variability in nitrogen uptake, leading to increased community-level nitrogen uptake.  Ecosystems 25:172-183.

  9. Douma, J. C., (2021). A multi-group extension to piecewise path analysis. :e03502

  10. Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2021).  Testing piecewise structural equations models in the presence of latent variables and including correlated errors. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal 28:582-589

  11. Laigle*, I., Moretti, M., Rousseau, L., Gravel, D., Venie, L., Handa, I. T., Messier, C., Morris, D., Hazlett, P., Fleming, R., Webster, K., , Aubin, I. (2021).Direct and indirect effects of forest anthropogenic disturbance on above and below ground communities and ecosystem function. Ecosystems 24:1716-1737

  12. Li*, Y., Yuan Jiang, Y., , B., Li, B., Luo, W., Chen, Y., Zhao, K., He, D., Rodríguez-Hernández, D. I., Chu, C. (2021). The complexity of trait-environment performance landscapes in a local subtropical forest. : 1388-1397.

  13. Daou*, L., . (2020). Simplifying the protocol for the quantification of generalized soil fertility gradients in plant community ecology. : 457-468

  14. Guerrero-Ramirez, N. et al. (2020). Global Root Traits (GRooT) Database.  Global Ecology and Biogeography 30:25-37

  15. B., Tardif*, A. (2020).  Causal hypotheses accounting for correlations between decomposition rates of different mass fractions of leaf litter.  Ecology 102:e03196

  16. , B., Douma, J.C. (2020). Generalized AIC and chi-squared statistics for path models consistent with directed acyclic graphs.  Ecology 101:e02960.

  17. Gagnon*,V., Rodrigue-Morin*, M., Migneault, M., Tardif*, A., Garneau*, L.,Lalonde, S., Beaudin, J., ., Greer, C. W., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020).Survival, growth and element translocation by four plant species growing on acidogenic gold mine tailing in Québec. :105855.

  18. Gagnon*,V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif*, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C. W., ., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020). 126243.

  19. Kattge, J,  et al. (2020).TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. .  : 119– 188.

  20. Cardou*, F., Aubin, I., Bergeron*, A., (2020).Functional markers to predict woodland ecosystem properties along a rural-to-urban gradient. J. Veg. Sci. 31: 416-428.

  21. Juhasz*, C.-C., , Gauthier, G., Lecomte, N. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. : 704-715.

  22. Kumordzi, B., Aubin, I., Cardou*, F., ., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Brousseau, M., De-Grandpre, L., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Macdonald, S., Hamel, B., Higelin, M., Hebert, F., Isabel, N., Mallik, A., Mcintosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., Thiffault, N., Tremblay, J.-P., Munson, A. (2019). Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understory plants.

  23. Li, Y.*, (2019). Functional niche occupation and species richness in herbaceous plant communities along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. : 861-867.

  24. Tardif*, A., Rodrigue-Morin*, M., Gagnon*, V., ., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. 2019. The relative importance of abiotic conditions and subsequent land use on the boreal primary succession of acidogenic mine tailings. :66-74.

  25. Daou*, L., 2019.The measurement and quantification of generalized gradients of soil fertility relevant to plant community ecology.  Ecology 100: e02549.

  26. Casals, P., Valor, T., Rios, A.I., 2018. Leaf and bark functional traits predict resprouting strategies of understory woody species after prescribed fires. Forest Ecology and Management 429: 158–174 

  27. Loranger, J.*, Munoz, F., , Violle, C. (2018).What makes trait-abundance relationships when both environmental filtering and stochastic neutral dynamics are in play? : 1735-1745.

  28. Belluau, M.*, (2018). Linking hard and soft traits: Physiology, morphology and anatomy interact to determine habitat affinities to soil water availability in herbaceous dicots. PLoS ONE 13(3):e0193130

  29. Li*, Y., (2018). Community divergence and convergence along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. : 775-781.

  30. Shipley, B., Belluau*, M. et al. (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits.  Journal of Vegetation Science 28: 1082-1095.

  31. Li, Y.*, ., Price, J.N., Dantas, V., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V., Laughlin, D.C., Richardson, S.J., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Schöb, C., Gazol, A., Prentice, H.C., Gross, N., Overton, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Louault, F., Kamiyama, C., Nakashizuka, T., Hikosaka, K., Sasaki, T., Katabuchi, M., Frenette Dussault*, C., Gaucherand, S., Chen, N., Vandewalle, M., Batalha, .M.A. (2017). Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide : 1001-1009.

  32. Li, Y.*, (2017). An experimental test of CSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method.  PLOS ONE 12(4):e0175404.

  33. Belluau*, M., (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of herbaceous dicots to soil wetness based on physiological traits of drought tolerance.  : 1073-1084

  34. Garnier, E., Stahl, U., Laporte, M.-A., Kattge, J., Mougenot, I., Kuehn, I., Laporte, B., Amiaud, B., Ahrestani, F., Bönisch, G., Bunker, D., Cornelissen, J., Díaz, S., Enquist, B., Gachet, S., Jaureguiberry, P., Kleyer, M., Lavorel, S., Maicher, L., Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., Poorter, H., Schildhauer, M., Violle, C., Weiher, E., Wirth, C., Wright, I., Klotz, S. (2017). Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. :298-309.

  35. Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., ., Heym, M., Messier, C., Gravel, D. (2017). 31: 821-830.

  36. Davidson-Jewell, M.*, Low-Décarie, E., Tobner, C., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P. B. (2017). Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. .:959-971

  37. Pierce, S., Negreiros, D., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Jens Kattge, J., Díaz, S., Kleyer, M., ., Wright, S.J., Soudzilovskaia, N.A.,Onipchenko, V.G., van Bodegom, P.M., Frenette-Dussault, C., Weiher, E., Pinho, B.X.,  Cornelissen, J.H.C., Grime, J.P., Thompson, K., Hunt, R., Wilson, P.J., Buffa, G., Oliver C. Nyakunga, O.C., Reich, P.B., Caccianiga, M., Mangili, F., Ceriani, R.M., Luzzaro, A., Brusa, G., Siefert, A., Barbosa, N.P.U., Chapin III, F.S., Cornwell, W.K., Fang, J., Fernandes, G.W., Garnier, E., Le Stradic, S., Peñuelas, J., Melo, F.P.L., Slaviero, A., Tabarelli, M., Tampucci, D.. (2016). A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes worldwide. Functional Ecology 31: 444-457.

  38. Loranger*, J., Blonder, B., Garnier, E., Vile, D., Violle, C. (2016). Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in Mediterranean old-fields. American Journal of Botany 103:1050-1060.

  39. Díaz, S., Kattge, J. Cornelissen, J.H.C., Wright, I.J., Lavorel, S., Dray, S., Reu, B., Kleyer, M., Wirth, C., Prentice, I.C., Garnier, E., Boenisch, G., Westoby, M., Poorter, H., Reich, P.B., Moles, A.T., Dickie, J., Gillison, A.N., Zanne, A.E., Chave, J., Wright, S.J., Sheremetev, S., Jactel, H. , Baraloto, C., Cerabolini, B., Pierce, S., Shipley, B., Kirkup. D., Casanoves. F., Joswig, J., Günther, A., Falczuk, V., Rüger, N., Mahecha, M.D., Lucas D. Gorné, L.D. (2016). The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature 529 : 167–171

  40. Pourhassan*, N., Davidson Jewell*, M., ., Roy, S., Jean-Philippe Bellenger, J.-P. (2016). Phosphorus and micronutrient dynamics during gymnosperm and angiosperm litters decomposition in temperate cold forest from Eastern Canada. Geoderma 273:25-31.

  41. Aubin, I., Munson, A., Cardou*, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N., Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H., Messier, C., ., Valladares, F., Kattge, J., Boisvert-Marsh, L., McKenney, D. (2016). Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate and boreal trees to climate change.  : 164 - 186

  42. Loranger*, J., Violle, C., Lavorel,S., Bonis, A., Cruz, P.,, Louault, F., Loucougaray, G., Mesléard, F., Yavercovski, N., Garnier, E. (2016). Recasting the dynamic equilibrium model through a functional lens: the interplay of trait-based community assembly and climate. Journal of Ecology 104: 781-791.

  43. Shipley, B., De Bello, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Laliberté, E., Laughlin, D.C., Reich, P.B. (2016). Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology.  Oecologia 180:923-932.

  44. Jewell*, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2015). A traits-based test of the home-field advantage in mixed-species tree litter decomposition.  Annals of Botany 116: 781-788.

  45. Siefert, A., Violle,C., Chalmandrier, L., Albert, C.H., Taudiere, A., Fajado, A., Aarssen, L.W., , Carlucci, M.B., Cianciaruso, M.V., Dantas, V., de Bello, F., Duarte, L.D.S., Fonseca, C.R.,Freschet, G.T., Gaucherand, S., Gross, N., Hikosaka, K., Jackson, B., Jung, V., Kamiyama, C., Katabuchi, M., Kembel, S.W., Kichenin, E., Kraft, N.J.B., Lagerström, A., Le Bagousse-Pinguet. Y., Li, Y.*, Mason, N., Messier, J., Nakashizuka, T.,  Overton, J., Peltzer, D., Pérez-Ramos, I.M., Pillar, V.D., Prentice, H.C., Richardson, S., Sasaki, T., Schamp, B.S., Schöb, C., Shipley, B., Sundqvist, M., Sykes, M.T., Vandewalle, M., Wardle, D.A., Wright, I. (2015). A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities.  Ecology Letters 18:1406-1419.

  46. Manning, P., De Vries, F., Tallowin, J., Smith, R., Mortimer, S. Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Wright, D., Quirk, H., Benson, J., ., Cornelissen, J., Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Wirth, C., Bardgett, R. (2015) Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national scale grassland soil carbon stocks. :1188-1196.

  47. Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., , Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015). Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in Arabidopsis thaliana. Annals of Botany Plants 7:plv049.

  48. Shipley, B. (2015). Describing, explaining and predicting community assembly: a convincing trait-based case study. Journal of Vegetation Science 26:615 – 616.

  49. Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Reich, P. & Messier, C. (2015). Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. : 570-578.

  50. Tardif*, A., Shipley, B. (2015).  The relationship between functional dispersion of mixed-species leaf litter mixtures and species’ interactions during decomposition.  Oikos 124:1050-1057.

  51. Warton, D.I., & Hastie, T. (2014). CATS regression – a model-based approach to studying trait-based community assembly. :389-398.

  52. Lohier, T., Jabot, F., Meziane, D., Reich, P.B., Deffuant, G. (2014). Explaining ontogenetic shifts in root-shoot scaling with transient dynamics.  Annals of Botany 114:513-524.

  53. Tardif, A.*,., Bloor, J.M.G., Sousanna, J.-F. (2014). Can the biomass-ratio hypothesis predict mixed-species litter decomposition along a climatic gradient? Annals of Botany 113: 843 - 850.

  54. Shipley, B. (2013). Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection vs. meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science 25:55-65.

  55. Frenette-Dussault*, C.; & Hingrat, Y. (2013). Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. :786-792.

  56. Frenette-Dussault*, C.,(2013). Trait-based climate change predictions of plant community structure in arid steppes. :484-492.

  57. Shipley, B. (2013). The AIC model selection method applied to path analytic models compared using a d-separation tests. :560-564.

  58. Auger*, S., (2013).Interspecific and intraspecific trait variation along short environmental gradients in an old-growth temperate forest. : 419–428.

  59. Tardif*, A (2013). Using the biomass-ratio and idiosyncratic hypotheses to predict mixed-species litter decomposition. :135-141.

  60. Loranger*, J., Meyer, S.T., ., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Wirth, C., Weisser, W.W. (2012). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: polycultures show strong non-additive effects. Ecology 94: 1499-1509.

  61. de Vries, F., Manning, P., Tallowin, J., Mortimer, S., Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Hobbs, P., Quirk, H., Cornelissen, H., Kattge, J., Bardgett, R. (2012). Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. :1230-1239.

  62. Loranger, J.*, Meyer, S.T., Kattge, J., Kern, H. Roscher, C. & Wolfgang W. Weisser, W.W. (2012). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. :2674-2682.

  63. Lachapelle*, P.-P. & (2012). Interspecific prediction of photosynthetic-light response curves using specific leaf mass and leaf nitrogen content: effects of differences in soil fertility and growth irradiance. : 1149-2012.

  64. Laliberté, E.*, ., Norton, D.A.& Scott, D. (2012). Which plant traits determine abundance under long-term shifts in soil resource availability and grazing intensity? 100:662-677.

  65. Shipley, B., Paine, C.E.T. & Baraloto, C. (2012). Quantifying the importance of local niche-based and stochastic processes to tropical tree community assembly. Ecology 93: 760-769.

  66. Douma, J.C. , Witte, J.P.M., Aerts, R. & van Bodegom, P.M. (2012). Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits; revisiting assembly hypotheses.  Ecology 93: 825-835.

  67. Frenette-Dussault*, C., Léger, J.-F., Meziane, D. & Hingrat, Y. (2012). Functional structure of an arid steppe plant community reveals similarities with Grime’s C-S-R theory. :208-222

  68. Aulen*, M., Bradley, R. (2012). Prediction of in situ root decomposition rates in an interspecific context from chemical andmorphological traits. :287-297.

  69. Sonnier*, G., ., Fayolle, A., Navas, M.-L. (2012).  Quantifying trait selection driving community assembly: A test in herbaceous plant communities under contrasted land use regimes. 121: 1103-1111.

  70. Hodgson, J.G., Montserrat-Martí, G., M. Charles, M., Jones, G., Wilson, P., Shipley, B., Sharafi, M., Cerabolini, B.E.I., J. H. C. Cornelissen, J.H.C., Band, S.R., Bogard, A.,  Castro-Díez, P., Guerrero-Campo, J., Palmer, C., Pérez-Rontomé, M.C., Carter, G., A. Hynd, A., A. Romo-Díez, A., L. de Torres Espuny, L., Royo Pla, F. (2011). Is leaf dry matter content a better predictor of soil fertility than specific leaf area?  Annals of Botany 108 : 1337-1345.

  71. Kattge, J., Shipley, B. + 121 others. (2011). TRY - a global database of plant traits. :2905-2935.

  72. Shipley, B., Laughlin, D.C., Sonnier*, G. & Otfinowski*, R. (2011).  A strong test of a maximum entropy model of trait-based community assembly.  Ecology 92:507-517.

  73. Sonnier*, G., & Navas, M.-L. (2010). Quantifying relationships between traits and explicitly measured gradients of stress and disturbance in early successional plant communities. J :1014-1024.

  74. Useche*, A. & (2010). Plasticity in relative growth rate after a reduction in nitrogen availability is related to root morphological and physiological responses.  :617-625.

  75. Bergeron, P.*, Grignolio, S.,Apollonio, M., & Festa-Bianchet. M. (2010). Secondary sexual characters signal fighting ability and determine social rank in Alpine ibex (Capra ibex).  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64:1299-1307.

  76. Shipley, B. (2010).  Community assembly, natural selection, and maximum entropy models. Oikos 119:604-609.

  77. Sonnier*, G., . & Navas, M.-L. (2010). Plant traits, species pools and the prediction of relative abundance in plant communities: a maximum entropy approach. 21:318-331.

  78. Useche*, A. & (2010). Interspecific correlates of plasticity in relative growth rate following a decrease in nitrogen availability.  :333-339.

  79. Loranger*, J. & (2010). Interspecific covariation between stomatal density and other functional leaf traits in a local flora. :30-38.

  80. Shipley, B. (2010). Inferential permutation tests for maximum entropy models in ecology. Ecology 91: 2794-2805.

  81. Marino*, G., Aqil,* M. & (2010).The leaf economics spectrum and the prediction of photosynthetic light response curves.  :263-272.

  82. Thomas, D.W., Bourgault*, P. , Perret, P. & Blondel, J. (2010).  Context-dependent changes in the weighting of environmental cues that initiate breeding in a temperate passerine, the Corsican Blue Tit.  :129-139.

  83. Shipley B. 2009. Trivial and non-trivial applications of entropy maximization in ecology: Shipley's reply.  Oikos 118: 1279-1280.

  84. Kang, C. & (2009). A correction note on "A new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs".  S:537-538.

  85. Dubois*, Y., Blouin-Demers, G.,& Thomas, D.  (2009). Thermoregulation and habitat selection in wood turtles (): chasing the sun slowly.  :1023-1032.

  86. Shipley, B. (2009). Limitations of entropy maximization in ecology : a reply to Haegeman and Loreau. Oikos 118:152-159.

  87. Shipley, B. (2009). Confirmatory path analysis in a generalized multilevel context.  Ecology 90:363-368.

  88. Saura-Mas, S., & Lloret, F. (2009). Testing leaf trade-offs in Mediterranean woody species: Post-fire regenerative strategy links water regulation and leaf dry matter content.  :103-110.

  89. Thomas, D.W.,  , Blondel, J., Perret, P., Simon*, A. &  M. M. Lambrechts, M.M. (2007). Common paths link food abundance and ectoparasite loads to physiological performance and recruitment in nestling Blue Tits.  :947-955. 

  90. Niklas, K.J., Cobb, E.D., Niinemets, U., Reich, P.B., Sellin, A., , & Wright, I.J. (2007). Evidence for “breaking even” and “diminishing returns” in the scaling of functional leaf trait s across and within six species-groups.  :8891-8896.

  91. Shipley, B., Vile, D.*, & Garnier, E. (2007). A response to technical  comments on: "From plant traits to plant communities: A statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity". Science 316: 1425.

  92. Shipley, B. (2007). Comparative plant ecology as a tool for integrating across scales.  Annals of Botany 99:965-966.

  93. Lamarche, L*.,  Bradley, R.L., Hooper, E., ., Simao-Beaunoir, A.-M.. & C. Beaulieu, C. (2007). Forest floor bacterial community composition and catabolic profiles in relation to landscape features in Quebec’s southern boreal forest. : 10-20.

  94. Shipley, B., Vile, D.*, & Garnier, E. (2006). From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity.  Science 314: 812-814.

  95. Shipley, B. (2006). Net assimilation rate, specific leaf area and leaf mass ratio: which is most closely correlated with relative growth rate: A meta-analysis.  Functional Ecology 20:565-574.

  96. Vile*, D., & Garnier, E. (2006). Ecosystem productivity can be predicted from abundance-weighted measures of potential relative growth rate.  9:1061-1067.

  97. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Wright, I. & Peter B. Reich, P.B. (2006). Fundamental tradeoffs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum .  Ecology 87:535-541.

  98. Kazakou, E., Vile*, D., Gallet, C. & Garnier, E. (2006). Covariation in litter decomposition, leaf traits and plant growth in species from a Mediterranean old-field succession.  20:21-30.

  99. Vile*, D., & Garnier, E. (2006). A structural equation model to integrate changes in functional strategies during old-field succession . Ecology 87:504-517.

  100. Bradley, R.L., Beaulieau, C, & . (2006). Refining numerical approaches for analyzing soil microbial community metabolic profiles based on carbon source utilization patterns.  :629-632.

  101. Prévost*, K., Couture, G., , Brzezinski, R., & Beaulieu, C. (2006). Effect of chitosan and of a biocontrol streptomycete on field and potato tuber bacterial communities. BioControl 51:533-546.

  102. Vile* D, Garnier E, Laurent G, Navas M-L, Roumet C, Lavorel S, Díaz S, Hodgson JG, Lloret F, Midgley GF, Poorter H, Rutherford MC, Wilson PJ, Wright IJ. (2005). Specific Leaf Area and Dry Matter Content Estimate Thickness in Laminar Leaves.  96: 1137-1140..

  103. Chbouki, S., & Bamouh, A. (2005). Path models for the abscission of reproductive structures in three contrasting cultivars of Faba bean ( L.).  : 264-271.

  104. Shipley, B., Vile*, D., Garnier, E., Wright, I.J. & Poorter, H. (2005).  Functional linkages between leaf traits and net photosynthetic rate: reconciling empirical and mechanistic models.  Functional Ecology 19:602-615.

  105. Grenon*, F., Bradley, R.L., Jones, M., , Peat, H. (2005) Soil factors controlling mineral N uptake by Picea engelmannii seedlings: the importance of gross NH4+ production rates. : 791-800.

  106. Lapointe*, B., Bradley, R.L., (2005). Mineral nitrogen and microbial dynamics in the forest floor of clearcut or partially harvested successional boreal forest stands. : 27-37.

  107. Shipley, B. (2004).  Analysing the allometry of multiple interacting traits.  Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 6: 235-241.

  108. Almeida-Cortez*, J.S.; . & Arnason, J.T. (2004) - Growth and chemical defense in relation to resource availability: tradeoffs or common responses to environmental stress? :187-194.

  109. Von Hardenberg*, A., Shipley, B. & Festa-Bianchet, M. (2003) Another one bites the dust: Does incisor arcade size affect mass gain and survival in grazing ungulates? C :1623-1629.

  110. Shipley, B. & Almeida-Cortez*, J. (2003).  Interspecific consistency and intraspecific variability of specific leaf area with respect to irradiance and nutrient availability.  Écoscience 10: 74-79.

  111. Cortez*, J., Shipley, B., Arnason, J. T. (2003). Effects of nutrient availability on the production of pentaynene, a secondary compound related to defense, in Rudbeckia hirta.  Plant Species Biology 18:85-89.

  112. Shipley, B. (2003). Testing recursive path models with correlated errors using d-separation. Structural Equation Modeling 10: 214-221.

  113. Hunt, R., Causton, D.R., , & Askew, A.P. (2002). A modern tool for classical growth analysis.  : 485-488.

  114. Shipley, B. (2002). Tradeoffs between net assimilation rate and specific leaf area in determining relative growth rate: the relationship with daily irradiance. Functional Ecology 16: 682-689.

  115. Dawid AP, Cox DR, Kreiner S, Green P, , Kent JT, Smith JQ, Koster JTA, Madigan D, Andersson SA, Perlman MD, Robert CP, Marin JM, Rosenbaum PR, Roverato A, Consonni G, Studeny M. (2002). Chain graph models and their causal interpretations - Discussion on the paper by Lauritzen and Richardson. : 348-361 Part 3.

  116. Shipley, B. (2002). Start and stop rules for exploratory path analysis.  Structural Equation Modeling 9:554-561.

  117. Shipley, B. & Meziane*, D. (2002). The balanced growth hypothesis and the allometry of leaf and root biomass allocation.  Functional Ecology 16: 326-331.

  118. Shipley, B. & Thi-Tam*, V. (2002). Dry matter content as a measure of dry matter concentration in plants and their parts. New Phytologist 153: 359-364.

  119. Almeida-Cortez*, J. S. & (2002). No significant relationship between seedling relative growth rate under nutrient limitation and potential tissue toxicity. Functional Ecology 16: 122-127.

  120. Garnier, E., , Roumet, C. & Laurent, G. (2001). A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content : 688-695.

  121. Meziane*, D. & Shipley, B. (2001). Direct and indirect relationships between specific leaf area, leaf nitrogen and leaf gas exchange : effects of irradiance and nutrient supply. Annals of Botany 88: 915-927.

  122. Shipley, B. (2000). Plasticity in relative growth rate and its components following a change in irradiance. Plant, Cell and Environment 23 :1207-1216.

  123. Shipley, B. & Lechowicz, M. (2000). The functional co-ordination of leaf morphology, nitrogen concentration and gas exchange in 40 wetland species. Ecoscience 7 : 183-194.

  124. Shipley, B. (2000) A permutation procedure for testing the equality of pattern hypotheses across groups involving correlation or covariance matrices. Statistics and Computing Journal 10: 253-257.

  125. Shipley, B. (2000). A new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs. Structural Equation Modeling 7:206-218.

  126. Almeida-Cortez*, J., & J. T. Arnason. (1999) Do plant species with high relative growth rates have poorer chemical defences?  : 819-827.

  127. Pyankov, VI., Kondratchuk, A. & Shipley, B. (1999). Leaf structure and specific leaf mass: the alpine desert plants of the Eastern Pamirs (Tadjikistan). The New Phytologist 143: 131-142.

  128. Shipley, B. (1999). Testing causal explanations in organismal biology: causation, correlation and structural equation modelling. Oikos 86: 374-382.

  129. McKenna*, MF. & . (1999). Interacting determinants of interspecific relative growth rate: empirical patterns and a theoretical explanation. Ecoscience: 237-247.

  130. Meziane*, D. & Shipley, B. (1999). Interacting components of interspecific relative growth rate: constancy and change under differing conditions of light and nutrient supply. Functional Ecology 13:611-622.

  131. Meziane*, D. & . Shipley, B. (1999). Interacting determinants of specific leaf area in 22 herbaceous species: effects of irradiance and nutrient availability. Plant, Cell & Environment 22: 447-459

  132. Shipley, B. (1997). Exploratory path analysis with applications in ecology and evolution. The American Naturalist 149:1113-1138.

  133. Keddy, PA., Twolan-Strutt, L. & (1997). Experimental evidence that interspecific competitive asymmetry increases with soil productivity. :253-256.

  134. Shipley, B. & Hunt, R. (1996). Regression smoothers for estimating parameters in growth analysis. Annals of Botany 78:569-576.

  135. Visman, V., Pesant, S., Dion*, J., & Peters, R. (1996). Joint effects of maternal and offspring sizes on clutch mass and fecundity in plants and animals. :173-182.

  136. McCanny, S.J., Hendershot, W., Lechowicz, M.J. & (1995).The effects of aluminium on : factorial experiments using sand culture..

  137. Shipley, B. (1995). Structured interspecific determinants of specific leaf area in 34 species of herbaceous angiosperms. Functional Ecology 9:312-319.

  138. Reader, R.J., Wilson, S.D., Belcher, J.W., Wisheu, I. Keddy, P.A., Tilman, D., Morris, E.C., Grace, J.B., McGraw, J.B., Olff, H. Turkington, R., Klein, E., Leung, Y., , van Hulst, R., Johansson, M.E., Nilsson, C., Gurevitch, J., Grigulis, K. & Beisner, B.E. (1994). Intensity of plant competition in relation to neighbor biomass: an intercontinental study with . :1753-1760.

  139. Shipley, B. & Keddy, P.A. (1994) Evaluating the evidence for competitive hierarchies in plant communities. Oikos 69:340-345.

  140. Shipley, B. (1993). A null model for competitive hierarchies in competition matrices. Ecology 74:1693-1699.

  141. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M., Hendershot, W.H. & Dumont, S. (1992). The interactive effects of nutrient concentration, solution pH-Al concentration and CO2 concentration on the growth and vitality of Red Spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) seedlings in relation to forest decline. Water, Soil and Air Pollution 64:585-600.

  142. Shipley, B. & Dion, J. (1992). The allometry of seed production in herbaceous angiosperms. The American Naturalist 139:467-483.

  143. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Gaudet, C. & Moore, D.R.J. (1991). A model of species density in shoreline vegetation. Ecology 72: 1658-1667.

  144. Shipley, B. & Peters, R.H. (1991). The seduction by mechanism: A reply to Tilman. The American Naturalist 138: 1276-1282.

  145. Shipley, B. & Parent, M. (1991). Germination responses of 64 wetland species in relation to seed size, minimum time to reproduction and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology 5: 111-118.

  146. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. & Lefkovitch, L.P. (1991). Mechanisms producing plant zonation along a water depth gradient: a comparison with the exposure gradient. Canadian Journal of Botany 69: 1420-1424.

  147. Shipley, B. & Peters, R.H. (1990). The allometry of seed weight and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology 4: 523-529.

  148. Shipley, B. & Peters, R.H. (1990). A test of the Tilman model of plant strategies: relative growth rate and biomass partitioning. The American Naturalist 136: 139-153.

  149. McCanny, S.J., Keddy, P.A., Arnason, T.J., Gaudet, C.L., Moore, D.R.J. & . (1990). Fertility and the food quality of wetland plants: a test of the resource availability hypothesis. : 373-381.

  150. Keddy, P.A. & (1989) Competitive hierarchies in herbaceous plant communities. : 234-241.

  151. Shipley, B. (1989). The use of above-ground maximum relative growth rate as an accurate predictor of whole-plant maximum relative growth rate. Functional Ecology 3: 771-775.

  152. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Moore, D.R.J. & Lemky, K. (1989). Regeneration and establishment strategies of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology 77: 1093-1110.

  153. Shipley, B. & Keddy, P.A. (1988). The relationship between relative growth rate and sensitivity to nutrient stress in twenty-eight species of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology 76: 1101-1110.

  154. Shipley, B. (1987). The relationship between dynamic game theory and the Lotka-Volterra competition equations. Journal of Theoretical Biology 125: 121-123.

  155. Van Hulst, R., Thériault, A. & (1987). Why is Rhinanthus minor (Scrophulariaceae) such a good invader? : 2373-2379.

  156. Shipley, B. & Keddy, P.A. (1987). The individualistic and community-unit concepts as falsifiable hypotheses. Vegetatio 69: 47-55.

  157. Van Hulst, R., Thériault, A. & (1986). The systematic position of the genus Rhinananthus (Schrophulariaciae) in North America. : 1443-1449.

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